The upper respiratory tract is made up of organs that are on the outer part of the chest cavity. This includes the larynx, upper trachea, nose and the pharynx. The common types of infections that affect the upper respiratory tract include bronchitis, sinusitis, laryngitis and epiglottitis.
The following measure will help in the prevention of upper respiratory tract infections:
Avoid close contact with individuals who are infected
This is because these infections are transmitted from one person to another through air droplets. When the infected person touches their eyes or nose, infection can take place when infected air droplets reach the other person. To avoid people who are infected, one should avoid overcrowded areas like markets and public hospitals. The people who are infected are encouraged to cover the mouth when sneezing or coughing using their elbows or using a napkin. The mouth should not be covered with hands as the hands touch other people and surfaces and therefore the infection can be transmitted easily. This is because the infected bacteria and virus is released in the air in form of droplets and this can be transmitted to another person.
Hand washing is very important in the prevention of different diseases in the body. The hands should be cleaned well making sure to clean all surfaces and this should be done for 20 seconds. The hands should be cleaned after coughing and sneezing or after coming into contact with a person who is infected. It is important to know that the virus can be transferred to another person through a handshake and therefore hand washing plays an important role in the prevention of transmission.
Reducing stress- stress is one of the things that cause diseases in the body. This is because it lowers immunity making one to be susceptible to diseases. When one is stressed, they are likely to lose appetite and become weak and this lowers their immunity. One can avoid stress by engaging in activities which they enjoy or going out with friends.
Sleeping adequately- rest is important for everyone and it is advisable to balance rest with activity. In a study that was done in a rhinovirus challenge, the people who sleep at least 7 hours are 3 times at a greater risk of developing colds than those who sleep for eight hours.
Taking a healthy diet- it is important to eat healthy as this helps to boost the immunity and prevent upper respiratory tract infections. One should ensure that they take food containing different groups of food like carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and essential fats. It is also important to take raw vegetables and fruits as they help to build the immunity. The people who take healthy meals are at a reduced risk of getting infections. Research has shown that vitamin C helps to reduce the risk of getting colds by more than 50% and the best source of vitamin C is oranges.
Stop smoking- the people who smoke are encouraged to stop smoking as it increases their risk of getting infected. This is because of nicotine that is contained in cigarettes and this affects the respiratory tract increasing the risk of getting infections.